How Do You Heat A Barndominium?

Heating a barndominium is no different from heating a house. There are many different heating options available, and you should choose the one most suitable for you.

How do you heat a Barndominium?

Central HVAC

This refers to a centralized system dealing with heating, ventilation, and air conditioning. This means that the system does not only heat your Barndominium but will also cool it during the warmer months. 

These systems commonly include aspects found later in this article, such as heat pumps and gas furnaces. The hot or cold air is directed through a series of vents and ducts around your home. 

Furnace

A natural gas furnace is commonly found in HVAC systems to provide and create heat. The sourceses combust natural fuels and emit large amounts of heat. The gas combines with air and is combusted inside of a metal heat exchanger. This creates several harmful byproducts which are vented out of the system via a flue pipe. 

You can also find electrical furnaces. These have been proven to be better for the environment than natural gas, as they utilize a more renewable energy source.

These are commonly located in areas where people do not tend to walk. This could include a crawl space or in the basement of your property. The furnace is connected to a series of air ducts running through your home to allow the heat to be widely distributed. 

Heat pumps

A more energy-efficient alternative to furnaces is installing a heat pump. They operate similarly, sending warmed air through the ducts to reach different areas of the house. This is known as a forced-air heating system.

Heat pumps can be used to send both hot and cold air around your home. To heat your home, the pump draws heat from a source within the system and pushes it out through the room. When you wish to cool the home, the flow is reversed and warm air is expelled outside the home. 

This is one of the more expensive systems to install initially but can reduce the cost of your energy bills over time. The most common version is an air-source pump, often used alongside another heat source.

Radiant heating system

This system works similarly to how ovens warm the kitchen. Heat is sent directly to wall paneling or floorboards through a system of thermal heat transfer. In simple terms, warmer areas give heat to cooler ones. 

These systems do not have to deal with sending warmed air through ducts and can instead be used directly where it will have the most impact. This means that the system is more energy-efficient.

Due to this, it is the recommended heating method for people who suffer from extreme or serious allergies. Circumventing the heat supply around the air ducts means that there is less possibility of allergens being forced out into the home. 

You can install these systems in a variety of locations. Common choices are under the flooring, in the ceiling, and the walls. Underfloor heating systems are the most popular iteration and can be purchased as an electric, air-heated, or hot water system. 

Air systems are not very efficient and are the least popular type. Hot water systems work by using a pump to send hot water from the boiler through pipes under the flooring.

The most practical system is the electric one. This is because you do not need to install a network of water pipes to send the hot water through.

Wood-burning stove

These are very traditional heating methods. They work by burning wood or other kindling to create fire and heat. The stove is shaped like a box with a long tube extending from the top - the exhaust chimney. 

They can work very well as a primary or supplementary source of heat, although they will need to be checked on regularly. You must continue to add fuel to be burnt if you want the heat to keep being emitted.

They are not very effective at heating a large area and will not be suitable as a stand-alone heating system for an entire barndominium. The heat is not directed through vents and ducts as with the other systems and is instead sent straight out of the stove itself.

This means that areas close to the stove will heat up well, but places further away will take a lot longer to heat up and will cool down very quickly when the stove is switched off. 

Space heaters

Space heaters are great for providing heat to one room or specific area in your barndominium, rather than the entire building. There are a huge variety of styles, sizes, and designs to choose from. This ensures that you can find the right appliance for your needs. 

They are really useful when you need to add an extra boost of heat to a specific room temporarily. Most modern space heaters come with an auto-shutoff feature, but older models may need to be manually switched off to prevent them from overheating. 

Space heaters are commonly powered by electricity, although some are powered by gas. These are commonly unvented and installed on walls or as freestanding units. You should be aware that this is a fire hazard and will need to be monitored. Gas heaters with an exhaust vent are safer as they prevent harmful fumes from spreading all over your barndominium.

Space heaters are not suitable for use as a primary heat source. They should only serve a supplemental purpose for a temporary period. 

Fireplace

These are also considered as a supplemental heat source. One fireplace will not be sufficient to warm your entire barndominium as the heat will not spread far enough. They are useful to incorporate as part of your heating system as they can help reduce the strain on other areas such as heat pumps and radiant heating systems. 

Insulation

Insulation is not a way to heat your barndominium, but it will help to keep heat inside. Insulation is commonly made from foam and fiberglass and helps with moisture control as well as trapping heat.