Barndominiums are increasing in popularity, and it’s no wonder why! They are cheaper to construct than a traditional residential home and can be beautiful creations that are the envy of all your friends and family.
For those of us carrying out the bulk of the work ourselves, it can be a reasonably priced project, but it is not without its complications. Framing the interior, in particular, can be challenging and requires a lot of work and even more head-scratching.
But it doesn’t need to be the headache it’s becoming! Once the exterior walls are complete, you can plan the interior frame of your Barndominium and get to work. And we are here to help you! We have the one-stop guide to framing our Barndominium that takes some of the stress off the construction.
What are you waiting for? Keep reading to find out how to frame a Barndominium.
How do you frame a Barndominium?
When it comes to framing your Barndominium, it can be broken down into eight stages. These steps are best worked through from beginning to end and should see you successfully frame your Barndominium.
Remember to consult a professional if you feel out of your depth and follow all the necessary safety procedures.
Stage 1: Layout
Before you begin to frame the interior of your Barndomium, start with designing the floorplan. If you have no experience with Barndomiums or floor plans, it's best to hire an architect to create the layout, work with a contractor, or you can find blueprints online that you could tailor to your needs if you wish.
Be mindful that hiring a professional will up the costs but can be essential for those with no construction experience. Consider the layout, the size, and the number of rooms you would like before meeting to ensure you get the most out of your architect or contractor.
It's best to have an experienced eye look at the plans to make sure it is structurally stable and safe to construct. You can, of course, have as much input as you would like to tailor the Barndominium to your style and needs. After all, if not now, then when you will have your dream kitchen?
Make sure you are familiar with the building codes and regulations in your local area. These can be viewed on a city/county level and state, and the information is readily available online.
Stage 2: Frame the walls
Once the layout has been established, you can begin to build the interior frame. This isn’t particularly difficult to do. Start with the outer frame of one wall with 2x4s. We recommend building the frames on the floor and then erecting them so you can be sure the frame is vertically level.
The wall frame will be a rectangle built with four 2x4s and cut to your desired length and height. The height will need to match the ceiling’s planned height, so take care to ensure accuracy here! Once one wall is done, complete the other three, so you have all four walls for your room framed.
Those building two-story Barndominiums start with the ground floor first, then the ceiling and subfloor before moving onto the next floor.
Stage 3: Add Studs
Now the frame is built, it's time to add studs to the frames! Studs will increase your frame’s stability and support the hanging drywall we will attach later. They also offer a stable surface for wall hangings and decor.
Typically, these are spaced 16-inches apart and will run vertically. You want them snug between the bottom and top of the plates of the wall frame. 3-inch nails are best to secure these into place.
You can also add blocking, adding sections of 2x4 horizontally between studs, here if you wish. Blocking reduces the risk of your studs buckling over time and increases your structure’s stability. It is often installed 3-4 feet from the floor.
Stage 4: Frame the Doors and Windows
Next, you can add frames for your doors and windows. You can use 2x4s to build the frame for each doorway and window. You will probably need to cut one or more of your studs to accommodate the door and window frames, but this is common.
As many window frames will be on your exterior walls, you won’t need to cut many of these. Instead, doorways will be your focus. Start with the outer walls of your room and then move inward to closet doors or other structures.
Stage 5: Raise the frames
The wall frame is now complete, and you can raise it and secure it to the ground! For concrete floors, you will need masonry nails that can penetrate at least one inch of concrete.
Once your wall frame is complete, you can go back to stage 2 and complete the next wall frame. Work in this order until your entire layout has been framed.
Stage 6: Ceiling Beams
Next, it's time to install the ceiling beams and joists. What is required here depends on the region, but most often, two 2x4s can be used for joists. For second floors or attics, three boards nailed together will provide enough stability.
Joists should be installed horizontally across the length of your wall frames spaced 12 inches apart when using two 2x4s. Ceiling joists need to be perpendicular to the joists with a spacing of 16-24inches. It's best to start at one end and work your way across to the other side.
Stage 7: Add the heat and water
Now it's time to add fittings for electrical and plumbing fixtures. Some states have specific codes for where your outlet and electrical lines are placed. Be sure to check these before carrying out any work.
Generally, you will need to ensure that points on the floor line are no more than 6 feet from an outlet. There are lots of regulations, and often it is best to consult a professional for advice. Alternatively, build them into your layout plans, and your contractor can advise you.
You must have a professional electrician complete the work; check this before beginning any electrical wiring work.
Stage 8: Drywall time!
The final step is to add your drywall. Many people opt to hire a contractor for this as it can be a heavy and challenging task to carry out, especially on your own. For those carrying out the work themselves, a drywall hoist is worth purchasing or renting.
These will support the drywall and keep it in place while you secure it to your ceiling beams. There are regulations about where the drywall should be installed, so be sure to check this before conducting your work.
Once installed, your Barndominium is complete! All that's left is to paint the walls, ceilings and add your finishing touches!
And there you have it, how to frame your Barndominium in eight easy stages! Be sure to follow the regulations at all times, and don’t be afraid to contact a professional for any help that you require.
After all, you want your Barndominium to be perfect and safe, don't you?